Menggunakan SharpDX untuk Joystick

Tambahkan paket NuGet SharpDX.DirectInput

using System;
using System.Threading;

using SharpDX.DirectInput;

namespace PanelRosita
{

    public enum ButtonState : int
    {
        Idle = -1,
        Released = 0,
        Pressed = 128
    }

    public class JoystickThread
    {
        public Thread thr;
        public bool conditionToExitReceived = false;
        public bool isJoystickDetected = false;

        public JoystickThread(string name)
        {

            // detecting joystick
            // Initialize DirectInput
            var directInput = new DirectInput();

            // Find a Joystick Guid
            var joystickGuid = Guid.Empty;

            var devInstance = new DeviceInstance();

            foreach (var deviceInstance in directInput.GetDevices(DeviceType.Gamepad,
                        DeviceEnumerationFlags.AllDevices))
            {
                joystickGuid = deviceInstance.InstanceGuid;
                devInstance = deviceInstance;
            }

            // If Gamepad not found, look for a Joystick
            if (joystickGuid == Guid.Empty)
                foreach (var deviceInstance in directInput.GetDevices(DeviceType.Joystick,
                        DeviceEnumerationFlags.AllDevices))
                {
                    joystickGuid = deviceInstance.InstanceGuid;
                    devInstance = deviceInstance;
                }

            // If Joystick not found, throws an error
            if (joystickGuid == Guid.Empty)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("No joystick/Gamepad found.");
                conditionToExitReceived = true;
                throw new Exception("No joystick/Gamepad found.");
            }

            // Instantiate the joystick
            var joystick = new Joystick(directInput, joystickGuid);
            Console.WriteLine("Found Joystick/Gamepad with GUID: {0}", joystickGuid);


            thr = new Thread(() => RunThread(joystick) );
            thr.Name = name;
            thr.Start();
            isJoystickDetected = true;
        }

        // Enetring point for thread 
        void RunThread(Joystick joystick)
        {


            // Query all suported ForceFeedback effects
            Console.WriteLine("Effect:");
            var allEffects = joystick.GetEffects();
            foreach (var effectInfo in allEffects)
                Console.WriteLine("Effect available {0}", effectInfo.Name);

            // Set BufferSize in order to use buffered data.
            joystick.Properties.BufferSize = 128;

            // Acquire the joystick
            joystick.Acquire();

            try
            {
                while (true)
                {
                    if (conditionToExitReceived) // what im waiting for...
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Thread is finished");
                        break;
                    }
                    Thread.Sleep(10); // wait 1 second for something to happen.
                    doStuff(ref joystick);
                }
                //perform cleanup if there is any...

            }
            catch (ThreadAbortException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Thread " + thr.Name + " is aborted and the code is "
                                                 + ex.ExceptionState);
            }
        }

        private void doStuff(ref Joystick joystick)
        {

            try
            {
                joystick.Poll();


                var datas = joystick.GetBufferedData();
                foreach (var state in datas)
                {
                    JoystickButtonPressedEventArgs args = new JoystickButtonPressedEventArgs();
                    JoystickButtonPOVEventArgs povargs = new JoystickButtonPOVEventArgs();
                    args.Value = (ButtonState)state.Value;
                    args.ButtonOffset = state.RawOffset;
                    args.TimeStamp = DateTime.Now;

                    povargs.Value = state.Value;

                    if (state.Offset == JoystickOffset.Buttons0)
                    {
                        OnJoystickButton0(args);
                    }
                    if (state.Offset == JoystickOffset.PointOfViewControllers0)
                    {
                        OnJoystickPointOfViewControllers0(povargs);
                    }

                    if (state.Offset != JoystickOffset.X && state.Offset != JoystickOffset.Y && state.Offset != JoystickOffset.RotationZ)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Joystick: " + state);
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ee)
            {
                OnJoystickDisconnected(ee.Message);
                conditionToExitReceived = true;
                Console.WriteLine("Joystick: " + ee);
                isJoystickDetected = false;
            }
        }

        public class JoystickButtonPressedEventArgs : EventArgs
        {
            public ButtonState Value { get; set; }
            public int ButtonOffset { get; set; }
            public DateTime TimeStamp { get; set; }
        }
        public class JoystickButtonPOVEventArgs : EventArgs
        {
            public int Value { get; set; }
            public int ButtonOffset { get; set; }
            public DateTime TimeStamp { get; set; }
        }

        public event EventHandler<String> OnDisconnected0;
        protected virtual void OnJoystickDisconnected(String e)
        {
            EventHandler<String> handler = OnDisconnected0;
            if (handler != null)
            {
                handler(this, e);
            }
        }

        public event EventHandler<JoystickButtonPressedEventArgs> OnButton0;
        protected virtual void OnJoystickButton0(JoystickButtonPressedEventArgs e)
        {
            EventHandler<JoystickButtonPressedEventArgs> handler = OnButton0;
            if (handler != null)
            {
                handler(this, e);
            }
        }
        public event EventHandler<JoystickButtonPOVEventArgs> OnPointOfViewControllers0;
        protected virtual void OnJoystickPointOfViewControllers0(JoystickButtonPOVEventArgs e)
        {
            EventHandler<JoystickButtonPOVEventArgs> handler = OnPointOfViewControllers0;
            if (handler != null)
            {
                handler(this, e);
            }
        }




    }
}


Penggunaan

       JoystickThread jt;
       private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            ConnectingToJoystick(FindingJoystick());
        }


        private void ErrorBox(string v)
        {
            MessageBox.Show(v,Application.ProductName, MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error, MessageBoxDefaultButton.Button1);
        }

        private void ConnectingToJoystick(bool joystickDetected)
        {
            if (joystickDetected)
            {
                try
                {
                    jt = new JoystickThread("JoyStick");
                    if (jt.isJoystickDetected)
                    {
                        //add all event here
                        jt.OnButton0 += Jt_OnButton0;
                        jt.OnDisconnected0 += Jt_OnDisconnected0;
                        jt.OnPointOfViewControllers0 += Jt_OnPointOfViewControllers0;
                        jt.isJoystickDetected = true;
                    }
                    else {
                        ErrorBox("Joystick tidak terdeteksi atau tidak kompatibel");
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ee)
                {
                    ErrorBox("Joystick:" + ee.Message);
                }
            }
        }


        private static bool FindingJoystick()
        {
            Boolean joystickDetected = false;

            // Initialize DirectInput
            var directInput = new DirectInput();

            while (!joystickDetected)
            {

                var devInstance = new DeviceInstance();

                // Find a Joystick Guid
                var joystickGuid = Guid.Empty;

                foreach (var deviceInstance in directInput.GetDevices(DeviceType.Gamepad,
                            DeviceEnumerationFlags.AllDevices))
                {
                    joystickGuid = deviceInstance.InstanceGuid;
                    devInstance = deviceInstance;
                }

                // If Gamepad not found, look for a Joystick
                if (joystickGuid == Guid.Empty)
                    foreach (var deviceInstance in directInput.GetDevices(DeviceType.Joystick,
                            DeviceEnumerationFlags.AllDevices))
                    {
                        joystickGuid = deviceInstance.InstanceGuid;
                        devInstance = deviceInstance;
                    }

                // If Joystick not found, throws an error
                if (joystickGuid == Guid.Empty)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("No joystick/Gamepad found.");
                    DialogResult rst = MessageBox.Show("Joystick tidak ditemukan atau tidak terhubung. Hubungkan joystick dan klik RETRY, atau klik CANCEL untuk tidak menggunakan joystick.", Application.ProductName, MessageBoxButtons.RetryCancel, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
                    if (rst == DialogResult.Cancel)
                    {
                        return joystickDetected;
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    joystickDetected = true;
                }
            }
            return joystickDetected;
        }

       private void Jt_OnDisconnected0(object sender, string e)
        {
            //stop robot

            //Finding joystick
            DialogResult rst = MessageBox.Show("No Joystick found. Please Connect the joystick.", Application.ProductName, MessageBoxButtons.RetryCancel, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
            if (rst == DialogResult.Retry)
            {
                ConnectingToJoystick(FindingJoystick());
            }
        }

        private void Jt_OnPointOfViewControllers0(object sender, JoystickThread.JoystickButtonPOVEventArgs e)
        {
            MessageBox.Show("POV value: "+e.Value.ToString());
        }

        private void Jt_OnButton0(object sender, JoystickThread.JoystickButtonPressedEventArgs e)
        {
            String state = "";
            if (e.Value == ButtonState.Pressed)
                state = "Pencet";
            else
                state = "Lepas";

            //Invoke state to button1
            //button1.Invoke(new Action(() => button1.Text = state));

        }


        //Add event on FormClosing to release object
        private void Form1_FormClosing(object sender, FormClosingEventArgs e)
        {
            if (jt != null)
            {
                //force to abort
                //jt.thr.Abort("aborted from Main");

                //ask thread to exit polling
                jt.conditionToExitReceived = true;
                
                // Waiting for a thread to terminate. 
                jt.thr.Join();
                Console.WriteLine(jt.thr.Name + " is terminate");
            }
        }

Printer POS USB menggunakan PHP

<?php  
$tmpdir = sys_get_temp_dir();   # ambil direktori temporary untuk simpan file.
$file =  tempnam($tmpdir, 'ctk');  # nama file temporary yang akan dicetak (Windows, samba)

$handle = fopen($file, 'w');


//Printer parameter (ESC POS Command)
$initialized = chr(27).chr(64);

$justify = Chr(27) . Chr(97);
$left = Chr(0); $center = Chr(1);$right = Chr(2);

$fontwidth = Chr(27).Chr(87);
$doublewidth = Chr(1); $normalwidth = Chr(0);

$LF = Chr(10);

//Start making data
$Data  = $initialized;
$Data .= $fontwidth.$doublewidth;
$Data .= $justify.$center;
$Data .= "NAMA TOKO"."\n";
$Data .= $fontwidth.$normalwidth;
$Data .= "Alamat Toko"."\n";
$Data .= $LF.$LF;

//Write data to temporary file
fwrite($handle, $Data);
fclose($handle);

//WIN: send temporary file to nerwork shared printer (share your printer)
//LINUX: send data directly to device
if (strtoupper(substr(PHP_OS, 0, 3)) === 'WIN'){ //Win
    copy($file, "//localhost/POS-58");  # Shared Printer as POS-58
}else if (strtoupper(substr(PHP_OS, 0, 3)) === 'LIN'){ //Linux    
    $device = "/dev/usb/lp0";           # Print at lp0, find it using lsusb! Use udev for managing user access
    if (is_writable($device)) {
        $fp =fopen($device, "w");
        if($fp) {
            fwrite($fp, $Data);
            fclose($fp);
        }
    }
}

unlink($file);
//echo $Data;

?>

Cara mencetak ke printer POS menggunakan PHP. Skrip ini mencontohkan jika menggunakan Windows maupun Linux.

Untuk menggunakan Windows maupun Linux, printer dibuat menjadi akses bersama (shared printer) terlebih dahulu lalu beri nama, misalnya: POS-58. Pastikan bisa diakses di //ALAMAT_IP/NAMA_PRINTER. Untuk skrip ini, menggunakan //localhost/POS-58 Untuk di Windows, buka di Control Panel, pastikan printer yang di-share sudah tersedia dan online.

Sedangkan jika menggunakan Linux, cari nama device dengan perintah:

ls /dev/usb

alamat device printer akan diawali dengan lpx, dimana x bisa 0,1,2 atau angka yang lain. Bagaimana bisa memastikan mana alamat device yang benar? gunakan perintah berikut:

echo "Test Printer" >> /dev/usb/lp0 

Jika printer bisa mencetak, berarti alamat printer adalah benar, yaitu /dev/usb/lp0 jika salah ganti angka 0 dengan angka 1 atau 2 atau angka lain hingga printer bisa mencetak. Pada skrip ini, alamat device perinter adalah /dev/usb/lp0

Penerima Waktu Tunda WiFi

#ifdef ESP32
#include <esp_now.h>
#include <WiFi.h>
#else
#include <espnow.h>
#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#define ESP_OK 0
#endif

#define lampPin 0

bool lampON = false;
bool lock = false;


// struktur untuk pengiriman data harus sama dengan struktur pada penerima
typedef struct struct_message {
  int id;     //id pengirim, lock counter
  int x;      //on interval counter
  int y;      //motion (>0)
} struct_message;

struct_message myData;

// Membuat struktur untuk tiap board
struct_message board1;

struct_message boardsStruct[3] = {board1};

volatile int counter = 0;
int max_counter = 0;
int lock_counter = 1;

// callback saat data diterima
#ifdef ESP32
void OnDataRecv(const uint8_t * mac_addr, const uint8_t *incomingData, int len)
#else
void OnDataRecv(uint8_t * mac_addr, uint8_t *incomingData, uint8_t len)
#endif
{
  char macStr[18];
  Serial.print("Paket diterima dari: ");
  snprintf(macStr, sizeof(macStr), "%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x",
           mac_addr[0], mac_addr[1], mac_addr[2], mac_addr[3], mac_addr[4], mac_addr[5]);
  Serial.println(macStr);
  memcpy(&amp;myData, incomingData, sizeof(myData));
  Serial.printf("Board ID %u: %u bytes\n", myData.id, len);
  // Update the structures with the new incoming data
  boardsStruct[myData.id - 1].x = myData.x;
  boardsStruct[myData.id - 1].y = myData.y;
  Serial.printf("x value: %d \n", boardsStruct[myData.id - 1].x);
  Serial.printf("y value: %d \n", boardsStruct[myData.id - 1].y);
  Serial.println();

  if (!lock) counter = 0;

}


void setup() {
  Serial.begin(74880);
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("ESP Board MAC Address:  ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.macAddress());

  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);

  //Init ESP-NOW
  if (esp_now_init() != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Error initializing ESP-NOW");
    return;
  }

  //daftrakan callback
  esp_now_register_recv_cb(OnDataRecv);

  pinMode(lampPin, OUTPUT);
  Serial.println("Turn Off lamp");
  digitalWrite(lampPin, LOW);
  lampON = false;
}


void loop() {
  // Mengakses data dari setiap board
  //Serial.println(boardsStruct[0].x,DEC);
  //delay(1000);

  //update counter
  if (boardsStruct[0].x > 0)
    max_counter = boardsStruct[0].x;

  if (boardsStruct[0].id > 0)
    lock_counter = boardsStruct[0].id;

  //get motion information and restart counter?
  if (boardsStruct[0].y > 0 &amp;&amp; counter == 0) {
    if (!lampON) {
      Serial.println("Turn On lamp");
        digitalWrite(lampPin, HIGH);

      lampON = true;
    }
  }


  //stop counter turn off lamp
  if (counter >= max_counter &amp;&amp; lampON) {
    Serial.println("Turn Off lamp");
  digitalWrite(lampPin, LOW);
    lampON = false;
    lock = true;
    Serial.println("Lock");
    delay(lock_counter * 1000);
    Serial.println("Release");
    lock = false;
  }

  if (lampON) {
    counter++;
    Serial.print(max_counter - counter);
    delay(1000);
  }

}

Memulai Percobaan ESP-CAM

ESP-CAM memiliki LED pada pin GPIO33. LED ini akan kita gunakan untuk percobaan mati nyala kedip kedip.

Kode Blink pada Arduino

#define LED_BUILTIN 33    //LED ada di GPIO33

void setup() {
  pinMode(LED_BUILTIN, OUTPUT);
}

void loop() {
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, HIGH);   
  delay(1000);                       
  digitalWrite(LED_BUILTIN, LOW);    
  delay(1000);                       
}

Konfigurasi pilihan Board

Hubungkan USB-Serial atau dapat pula menggunakan Arduino (TX-TX, RX-RX)

Hubungkan GND dengan GPIO0 dan tekan reset.

Jika sudah berhasil Upload, lepas hubungan GND dengan GPIO0 (Kabel abu-abu) dan tekan reset.

Pengiriman Peer-to-Peer MCU ESP

Pengiriman dilakukan oleh LOLIN32 dengan MCU ESP32 sedangkan penerimaan dilakukan oleh ESP01 dengan MCU ESP8266. Potokol pengiriman menggunakan ESP-NOW. ESP-NOW adalah salah satu protokol hibungan WiFi yang dibesut oleh Espressif.

Skrip Pengiriman yang dibenamkan di LOLIN32

#ifdef ESP32
  #include <esp_now.h>
  #include <WiFi.h>
#else
  #include <espnow.h>
  #include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#endif

 
// Ganti dengan MAC penerima
uint8_t broadcastAddress[] = {0xBC, 0xDD, 0xC2, 0x6B, 0x54, 0xC2};
 
// ID harus unik
const int id = 1;
 
// struktur untuk pengiriman data harus sama dengan struktur pada penerima
typedef struct struct_message {
    int id; 
    int x;
    int y;
} struct_message;
 
struct_message myData;
 
// callback saat data dikirim
void OnDataSent(const uint8_t *mac_addr, esp_now_send_status_t status) {
  Serial.print("Status pengiriman:\t");
  Serial.println(status == ESP_NOW_SEND_SUCCESS ? "Sukses" : "Gagal");
}
  
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);
 
  // Init ESP-NOW
  if (esp_now_init() != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Gagal inisialisasi ESP-NOW");
    return;
  }
 
  // registrasi ke penerima dan cek status paket
  esp_now_register_send_cb(OnDataSent);
   
  // Registrasi peer
  esp_now_peer_info_t peerInfo;
  memcpy(peerInfo.peer_addr, broadcastAddress, 6);
  peerInfo.channel = 0;  
  peerInfo.encrypt = false;
   
  // Menambahkan diri peer        
  if (esp_now_add_peer(&amp;peerInfo) != ESP_OK){
    Serial.println("Gagal menambahkan diri ke peer");
    return;
  }
}
  
void loop() {
  // Nilai untuk dikirim
  myData.id = 1;
  myData.x = random(0,50);
  myData.y = random(0,50);

  Serial.print("x:");Serial.println(myData.x,DEC);
  Serial.print("y:");Serial.println(myData.y,DEC);
  // Kirim pesan
  esp_err_t result = esp_now_send(broadcastAddress, (uint8_t *) &amp;myData, sizeof(myData));
    
  if (result == ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Permintaan pengiriman berhasil");
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("Gagal mengirim data");
  }
  delay(10000);
}

Skrip penerima yang dibenamkan di ESP01

#ifdef ESP32
  #include <esp_now.h>
  #include <WiFi.h>
#else
  #include <espnow.h>
  #include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
  #define ESP_OK 0
#endif

 // struktur untuk pengiriman data harus sama dengan struktur pada penerima
typedef struct struct_message {
  int id;
  int x;
  int y;
}struct_message;
 
struct_message myData;
 
// Membuat struktur untuk tiap board
struct_message board1;
 
struct_message boardsStruct[3] = {board1};
 
// callback saat data diterima
#ifdef ESP32
void OnDataRecv(const uint8_t * mac_addr, const uint8_t *incomingData, int len) 
#else
void OnDataRecv(uint8_t * mac_addr, uint8_t *incomingData, uint8_t len) 
#endif
{
  char macStr[18];
  Serial.print("Paket diterima dari: ");
  snprintf(macStr, sizeof(macStr), "%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x",
           mac_addr[0], mac_addr[1], mac_addr[2], mac_addr[3], mac_addr[4], mac_addr[5]);
  Serial.println(macStr);
  memcpy(&amp;myData, incomingData, sizeof(myData));
  Serial.printf("Board ID %u: %u bytes\n", myData.id, len);
  // Update the structures with the new incoming data
  boardsStruct[myData.id-1].x = myData.x;
  boardsStruct[myData.id-1].y = myData.y;
  Serial.printf("x value: %d \n", boardsStruct[myData.id-1].x);
  Serial.printf("y value: %d \n", boardsStruct[myData.id-1].y);
  Serial.println();
}

void setup(){
  Serial.begin(74880);
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("ESP Board MAC Address:  ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.macAddress());

   WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);
 
  //Init ESP-NOW
  if (esp_now_init() != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Error initializing ESP-NOW");
    return;
  }
   
  //daftrakan callback
  esp_now_register_recv_cb(OnDataRecv);
}
  
void loop() {
  // Mengakses data dari setiap board
  //Serial.println(boardsStruct[0].x,DEC); 
  delay(1000);  
}

Hasil proses pengiriman lewat seriam monitor

Konfigurasi Perangkat Keras

Cara memprogram ESP01

Wiring dengan Modul Serial

Hubungkan IO0 dengan GND

Wiring dengan USB-TTL (Gunakan yang support 3,3 Volt) atau dapat juga menggunakan Board Arduino

Hubungkan IO0 dengan GND ESP ke pin GND USBTTL. Hubungkan EN dengan 3V3 ESP ke 3V3 USBTTL. TX ESP ke RX USBTTL dan RX ESP ke TX USBTTL.
(Jika mengunakan board Arduino, hubungkan RX ke RX dan TX ke TX)

Pilihan Setting Board

Board: “Generic ESP Module”
Flash Mode: “DIO” (Gunakan DOUT jika checksum error)
Flash Frequency: “40MHz”
CPU Frequency: “80 MHz”
Flash Size: “1M (64K SPIFFS)”
Debug Port: “Disabled”
Debug Level: “None”
Reset Method: “ck”
Upload Speed: “115200”

Contoh kode untuk blink (LED pada GPIO0)

/* 
 *  ESP01
 *  Upload Configuration:
 *  Generic 8266
 *  Flash Mode: DOUT (Using: DIO --> checksum Error)
 *  Debug: None
 *  Reset: ck
 *  CPU: 80Mhz
 *  Flash: 1M (64K)
 *  Debug Port: Disable
 *  Flash: 40Mhz
 *  Upload Speed: 115200
 *  
 *  Flashing ESP-01 using Esp8266 Serial Module Board
 *  Connect GPIO0 to GND
 *  
 *  Flash ESP-01 using USB to TTL 
 *  Connect GPIO0 to GND, EN to 3V3, RX-TX, TX-RX
 */

#define D3  0 //GPIO0
#define D4  2 //GPIO2
void setup() {
  //GPIO0
  pinMode(D3, OUTPUT);
  Serial.begin(74880);
}
void loop() {
  digitalWrite(D3, LOW); // turn the LED on (HIGH is the voltage level)
  delay(1000); // wait for a second
  digitalWrite(D3, HIGH); // turn the LED off by making the voltage LOW Serial.println("LOW");
  delay(1000); // wait for a second
  Serial.println("OK");
}

Untuk menjalankan hasil programming, lepas kabel IO0 terhadap GND dan lalukan reset (atau cabut pasang modul)

sumber: https://www.diyhobi.com/flash-program-esp-01-using-usb-serial-adapter/

Mengirim Date ke Banyak Board dengan ESP_NOW

Mencari alamat MAC penerima

#ifdef ESP32
  #include <WiFi.h>
#else
  #include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#endif

void setup(){
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("ESP Board MAC Address:  ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.macAddress());
}
 
void loop(){

}

Pengirim Data

#include <esp_now.h>
#include <WiFi.h>

// Ganti dengan MAC address penerima
uint8_t broadcastAddress1[] = {0x3C, 0x71, 0xBF, 0xC3, 0xBF, 0xB0};
uint8_t broadcastAddress2[] = {0x24, 0x0A, 0xC4, 0xAE, 0xAE, 0x44};
uint8_t broadcastAddress3[] = {0x80, 0x7D, 0x3A, 0x58, 0xB4, 0xB0};

typedef struct test_struct {
  int x;
  int y;
} test_struct;

test_struct test1;
test_struct test2;
test_struct test3;

// callback saat pengiriman data
void OnDataSent(const uint8_t *mac_addr, esp_now_send_status_t status) {
  char macStr[18];
  Serial.print("Ditujukan : ");
  // Copies the sender mac address to a string
  snprintf(macStr, sizeof(macStr), "%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x",
           mac_addr[0], mac_addr[1], mac_addr[2], mac_addr[3], mac_addr[4], mac_addr[5]);
  Serial.print(macStr);
  Serial.print(" status:\t");
  Serial.println(status == ESP_NOW_SEND_SUCCESS ? "Sukses" : "Gagal");
}
 
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
 
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);
 
  if (esp_now_init() != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Gagal inisialisasi ESP-NOW");
    return;
  }
  
  esp_now_register_send_cb(OnDataSent);
   
  // pendaftaran peer
  esp_now_peer_info_t peerInfo;
  peerInfo.channel = 0;  
  peerInfo.encrypt = false;
  
  // peer  pertama
  memcpy(peerInfo.peer_addr, broadcastAddress1, 6);
  if (esp_now_add_peer(&amp;peerInfo) != ESP_OK){
    Serial.println("Gagal menambahkan peer");
    return;
  }
  //  peer kedua 
  memcpy(peerInfo.peer_addr, broadcastAddress2, 6);
  if (esp_now_add_peer(&amp;peerInfo) != ESP_OK){
    Serial.println("Gagal menambahkan peer");
    return;
  }
  /// peer ketiga
  memcpy(peerInfo.peer_addr, broadcastAddress3, 6);
  if (esp_now_add_peer(&amp;peerInfo) != ESP_OK){
    Serial.println("Gagal menambahkan peer");
    return;
  }
}
 
void loop() {
  //masukkan data padda struktur
  test1.x = random(0,20);
  test1.y = random(0,20);
  test2.x = random(0,20);
  test2.y = random(0,20);
  test3.x = random(0,20);
  test3.y = random(0,20);
 
  //kirim paket data test1 ke semua board
  esp_err_t result = esp_now_send(0, (uint8_t *) &amp;test1, sizeof(test_struct));

  if (result == ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Terkirim ke semua board");
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("Gagal mengirim");
  }

  //kirim paket data test1,test2, test3 ke maing-masing board
  result = esp_now_send(broadcastAddress1, (uint8_t *) &amp;test1, sizeof(test_struct));
  if (result == ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Terkirim ke board 1");
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("Gagal mengirim board 1");
  }

  result = esp_now_send(broadcastAddress2, (uint8_t *) &amp;test2, sizeof(test_struct));
  if (result == ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Terkirim ke board 2");
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("Gagal mengirim board 2");
  }

  result = esp_now_send(broadcastAddress3, (uint8_t *) &amp;test3, sizeof(test_struct));
   
  if (result == ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Terkirim ke board 3");
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("Gagal mengirim board 3");
  }
  
  delay(2000);
}

Penerima Data

#include <esp_now.h>
#include <WiFi.h>

typedef struct test_struct {
  int x;
  int y;
} test_struct;

test_struct myData;

void OnDataRecv(const uint8_t * mac, const uint8_t *incomingData, int len) {
  memcpy(&amp;myData, incomingData, sizeof(myData));
  Serial.print("Bytes diterima: ");
  Serial.println(len);
  Serial.print("x: ");
  Serial.println(myData.x);
  Serial.print("y: ");
  Serial.println(myData.y);
  Serial.println();
}
 
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);

  //Init ESP-NOW
  if (esp_now_init() != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Gagal inisialisasi ESP-NOW");
    return;
  }
  //daftarkan callback
  esp_now_register_recv_cb(OnDataRecv);
}
 
void loop() {

}

sumber: https://randomnerdtutorials.com/esp-now-one-to-many-esp32-esp8266/

Menerima Data dari Banyak Board dengan ESP_NOW

Mendapatkan informasi MAC Address ESP Penerima

//Mendapatkan MAC Address penerima
#ifdef ESP32
  #include <WiFi.h>
#else
  #include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#endif

void setup(){
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.println();
  Serial.print("ESP Board MAC Address:  ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.macAddress());
}
 
void loop(){

}

ESP Pengirim Data

#include <esp_now.h>
#include <WiFi.h>

// Ganti dengan MAC penerima
uint8_t broadcastAddress[] = {0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF};

// ID harus unik
const int id = 1;

// struktur untuk pengiriman data harus sama dengan struktur pada penerima
typedef struct struct_message {
    int id; 
    int x;
    int y;
} struct_message;

struct_message myData;

// callback saat data dikirim
void OnDataSent(const uint8_t *mac_addr, esp_now_send_status_t status) {
  Serial.print("\r\nStatus pengiriman sebelumnya:\t");
  Serial.println(status == ESP_NOW_SEND_SUCCESS ? "Sukses" : "Gagal");
}
 
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);

  // Init ESP-NOW
  if (esp_now_init() != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Gagal inisialisasi ESP-NOW");
    return;
  }

  // registrasi ke penerima dan cek status paket
  esp_now_register_send_cb(OnDataSent);
  
  // Registrasi peer
  esp_now_peer_info_t peerInfo;
  memcpy(peerInfo.peer_addr, broadcastAddress, 6);
  peerInfo.channel = 0;  
  peerInfo.encrypt = false;
  
  // Menambahkan diri peer        
  if (esp_now_add_peer(&amp;peerInfo) != ESP_OK){
    Serial.println("Gagal menambahkan diri ke peer");
    return;
  }
}
 
void loop() {
  // Nilai untuk dikirim
  myData.id = 1;
  myData.x = random(0,50);
  myData.y = random(0,50);

  // Kirim pesan
  esp_err_t result = esp_now_send(broadcastAddress, (uint8_t *) &amp;myData, sizeof(myData));
   
  if (result == ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Terkirim dengan sukses");
  }
  else {
    Serial.println("Gagal mengirim data");
  }
  delay(10000);
}

ESP Penerima data

#include <esp_now.h>
#include <WiFi.h>

// struktur untuk pengiriman data harus sama dengan struktur pada penerima
typedef struct struct_message {
  int id;
  int x;
  int y;
}struct_message;

struct_message myData;

// Membuat struktur untuk tiap board
struct_message board1;
struct_message board2;
struct_message board3;

struct_message boardsStruct[3] = {board1, board2, board3};

// callback saat data diterima
void OnDataRecv(const uint8_t * mac_addr, const uint8_t *incomingData, int len) {
  char macStr[18];
  Serial.print("Paket diterima dari: ");
  snprintf(macStr, sizeof(macStr), "%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x",
           mac_addr[0], mac_addr[1], mac_addr[2], mac_addr[3], mac_addr[4], mac_addr[5]);
  Serial.println(macStr);
  memcpy(&amp;myData, incomingData, sizeof(myData));
  Serial.printf("Board ID %u: %u bytes\n", myData.id, len);
  // Update the structures with the new incoming data
  boardsStruct[myData.id-1].x = myData.x;
  boardsStruct[myData.id-1].y = myData.y;
  Serial.printf("x value: %d \n", boardsStruct[myData.id-1].x);
  Serial.printf("y value: %d \n", boardsStruct[myData.id-1].y);
  Serial.println();
}
 
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(115200);
  
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);

  //Init ESP-NOW
  if (esp_now_init() != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.println("Error initializing ESP-NOW");
    return;
  }
  
  //daftrakan callback
  esp_now_register_recv_cb(OnDataRecv);
}
 
void loop() {
  // Mengakses data dari setiap board
  /*
  int board1X = boardsStruct[0].x;
  int board1Y = boardsStruct[0].y;
  int board2X = boardsStruct[1].x;
  int board2Y = boardsStruct[1].y;
  int board3X = boardsStruct[2].x;
  int board3Y = boardsStruct[2].y;
  */

  delay(1000);  
}

Sumber: https://randomnerdtutorials.com/esp-now-many-to-one-esp32/

Mencetak dengan printer 3D

Model dapat dicari di situs Thingiverse dengan alamat

https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:291270
Ini yang akan kita buat, sumber: thingiverse.com

Printer yang digunakan adalah Anet A8, printer yang cukup murah, namun harus dirangkai sendiri dan harus melakukan beberapa tweaking agar hasilnya bagus. Sedangkan filamen yang digunakan adalah jenis PLA warna putih, diameter 1.75 mm. Saat membeli printer ini, biasana diberikan bonus filament secara cuma-cuma

Software yang digunakan adalah Cura. Pada saat membeli printer 3D Anet A8 akan dibekali SDCard yang berisi Cura versi 14.07. Sudah dicuba upgrade, namun hasil malah jelek. Hmm.. atau saya yang kurang paham cara setting Cura versi baru ya…..

Setelah file dari thingiverse diunduh, lalu diextract, maka akan ada directory files berisi beberapa file .stl yang merupakan file model 3 dimensi. Buka file tersebut dengan Cura (File->Load Model), arahkan ke file .stl

Catatan Penting:

  1. Ketelitiannya adalah 0,3 mm, dengan lebar extruder (nozel) 0,4 mm. JAdi untuk lingkaran, sisi ada 2 (kanan+kiri) dihitung 0,3mm x 2 = 0,4 mm. Sehingga untuk dapat masuk lubang 3,0mm, model yang dibuat haruslah 3,0 mm – 0,4 mm = 2,6 mm. Spacer hole untuk baut 3 mm, gunakan diameter 2,4 mm agar dapat masuk lubang diameter 3mm.
  2. Diameter lingkaran terkecil adalah 0,8 mm (2 x ukuran nozel)
  3. Matikan kipas jika mencetak menggunakan filamen ABS, atau cabut konektor kipas extrudernya. Kipas otomatis aktif saat ketinggian layer ke-2. Gunakan raft dan pasang pereket kertas setelah raft selesai dibentuk dengan menenda sementara (pause) pada menu SD Card
  4. ABS melengkung saat suhu filamen mendingin, maka gunakan raft dengan jarak filament 3 mm sehingga hasil permukaan awal tidak melengkung.
  5. Jika mencetak ABS, taruh permukaan terkecil dibawah, dengan bantuan support diaktifkan, Jarak support minimal 20 %
  6. Jika mencetak TPU, pasang Anet_Extruder_Filament_Guide dan jangan mencetak terlalu cepat. Filamen TPU sangat lentur, sehingga bisa JAM saat pendorongan filament pada extruder terlalu cepat.